Unicorns, Gazelles, and Other Distractions
Unicorns, Gazelles, and Other Distractions on the Way to Understanding Real Entrepreneurship in America by Howard Aldrich and Martin Ruef
Dazed and confused by the wild hype surrounding gazelles and unicorns, entrepreneurship researchers have focused on the black swans of the entrepreneurial world, even though IPOs and venture capital financing of firms are extremely rare events. Despite their rarity, entrepreneurship conferences and journals have been filled with papers on various aspects of the process of "going public" and "VC networks." Fortunately, in the middle of the Silicon Valley mania, other scholars have been paying attention to the mundane aspects of business startups - - the ordinary business starts, numbering in the hundreds of thousands each year in the United States for businesses with employees. This special issue gives us an opportunity to look back over what we believe to be scholars' misplaced attention to the extreme and their neglect of the mundane. Correcting the misperception that has been introduced into the literature by selection biases favoring growing and profitable firms will give scholars and policymakers a more accurate and policy-relevant picture of entrepreneurship in the 21st century.