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AOM Research and Resources Related to Racism, Equality, and Ethics

24 Sep 2020
As a trusted go-to-resource for peer-reviewed, scholarly management research, AOM has collected articles published by our members as a resource in these challenging times of rapidly changing working and learning environments.

This evolving Academy of Management release, first published 5 June 2020 and updated since, offers a wide range of information and research of relevance at the current time.

Topics include:

For additional research and resources by our Division and Interest Groups (DIGs), please visit our online community: Connect@AOM (AOM account required) and our DIG websites.

Media: please contact press@aom.org to receive copies of these or other AOM articles.

Also noteworthy: Visit AOM Research and Resources Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic.


Uprooting Racism

Racially Diverse Management Boosts Productivity
Companies with high racial diversity in both upper and lower management perform best financially.

Rising Latino Entrepreneurs Are Slower to Become Employers
Latinos have been becoming entrepreneurs at much higher rate than other U.S. racial groups in recent years, but they have been relatively slower to actually staff their businesses

Black Employees Matter, but Can They Take a Knee at Work?
“Mega-threats,” such as police killings of unarmed African-American citizens, can send shockwaves through workplaces, even if employees have no direct connection to the victims.

When Women or Minorities Check in as CEOs, White Men Check out
Appointing women or racial minorities as CEOs can have the unfortunate effect of white male executives helping their colleagues less.

Race Plus Gender Doubles the Struggle for Black Women
While white women are underrepresented in corporate leadership, women of color face an even more arduous and complex road to the top.

Being a Token is More Difficult for Some Employees
“Our review showed that tokens have higher levels of depression and stress. They’re more likely to experience discrimination and sexual harassment,” a researcher says.

Why Diverse Workplaces Remain Elusive
Despite the billions of dollars U.S. companies spend on diversity programs each year, current strategies will not necessarily achieve their goals.

Building Better Diversity Training Courses
Researchers recommend building diversity training around tolerance, with a goal of effective dialogue through open and honest conversations.

Aligning Employee Demographics with Reality
We often neglect to acknowledge that race can be complex, with many ethnicities blending through intermarriage and immigration.

African Firms Still Feel the Slave Trade’s Effects
Effects linger in sub-Saharan Africa in the form of many companies tightly controlled by individuals or families, resulting from a lack of enforceable contracts, investor protections, and access to equity funding, as well as ethnic mistrust.

Sharing Economy Can Turn Back the Clock on Equal Access
U.S. legislators and policymakers need to keep pace with Internet technology to prevent sharing economy businesses from circumventing landmark equal rights laws.

Public and Private Sectors Seem Equally Biased in Hiring
While the public sector has a reputation for being less discriminatory, both sectors have equally significant bias against job applicants with foreign names, researchers reveal.


Promoting Equality

Five Practices and Three Myths That Fuel Inequality
Many social and economic factors have been blamed for rising inequality. But the crucial role of organizations usually gets overlooked.

Inequality Hurts Companies, Even as They Contribute to It
“Top managers need to understand how inequality affects the performance of their firms and their business environment,” a researcher says.

How Social Ladder Climbers Can Help Companies
“When there are cultural issues and misunderstandings, these people are highly likely to be the folks who can help everybody understand one another,” a researcher says.

12 Challenges Faced by Employees from Poorer Families
“People don’t think very carefully, or at all, about organizations being places that should provide socioeconomic mobility and opportunities for people who just happen to be born poorer,” a researcher notes.

Openly Discussing a Taboo Topic: Mistreated Workers
Employers seem to be more sensitive to employees’ claims of mistreatment at work. But employees’ perceptions of mistreatment vary, creating challenges for managers.

Workers Feeling Exploited May Be More Common Than You Think
“The consequences can be emotional, like anger and guilt. And they can have behavioral consequences that are detrimental to the organization,” according to a researcher.

Two Little-Known Ways Managers Can Influence Laws
Managers can adopt internal policies to guide vague laws or offer innovative products or services to change policies.


Addressing Ethics

The Global Challenge of Corporate Corruption
Lack of detailed knowledge about corporate corruption—and how to fight it effectively—is limiting economic growth around the world.

Why Moral Leadership Matters
“Very consistent evidence shows that moral leaders tend to outperform leaders who are amoral or immoral,” a researcher says.

Eight Questions to Help Solve Ethical Problems
A U.S. university has been using the questions since 2013 to improve students’ ethical reasoning and decision-making skills.

Facing an Ethical Dilemma? Try This Approach
A simple tweak in how you think about ethical dilemmas might help you find solutions that keep your integrity intact.

Corporate Social Responsibility Shields against Lawsuits
Companies that show they care about the social impacts of their operations get sued less often.


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